The Bermuda Triangle: Oceanography and History
The Bermuda Triangle, or the Devil's Triangle as it is referred to, is the area of ocean between Bermuda, Puerto Rico, and Florida. Strange occurrences and disappearances have plagued this area for centuries, literally back to the voyage of Christopher Columbus in fourteen hundred and ninety-two. As Columbus sailed to the Bahamas in search of India, he passed through the triangle and documented the strange lights above the water. Columbus went on to mention his compass and that the reading changed as he entered the area.
Fast forwarding to nineteen hundred and sixty-four, a man named Vincent Gaddis wrote an article for Argosy magazine, naming the area, the ‘Miami Triangle’.
Then, in seventy-four, Charles Berlitz capitalized on the fantastic notion of an area of ocean, unexplored, that caused unexplained phenomena. He called it "The Bermuda Triangle" and it was a best seller.
Now, the legend was born, causing more curiosity and speculation than ever before. Until about nineteen fifty, public awareness for the missing ships went completely unnoticed (Science Kids). Unexplained occurrences in the Bermuda Triangle have been noted and filed since the mid-nineteenth century. Ships have been discovered abandoned, and some did not transmit distress signals. These ships were among the many never accounted for, no crew members were ever seen again.
The famous Bermuda Triangle is a hot spot of frequently occurring hurricanes and tropical storms. Passing through the Bermuda Triangle, the Gulf Stream, is known to cause sharp changes to the weather. The Milwaukee Depth, located in Bermuda Triangle, is the deepest point of the Atlantic Ocean. There is not an established basis in science for any supernatural activity or alien occurrences; there is however, scientific evidence to explain the Bermuda Triangle. This evidence is logical and proven to be true, studied in part by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA. The area surrounding this triangle, is a highly trafficked route used by ships, even the United States government. A government ship with a crew of over three hundred and nine left Barbados in nineteen eighteen, they were never seen again. One has to keep in mind that the higher percentage of ships in one particular area, yields a higher percentage of wrecks. Boxall has also cited busy traffic of Bermuda, to be a key factor of its reputation; Bermuda’s area has been covered by the triangle.
The annual report of the Coastguard in 2016, showed that 82% of incidents that involved any kind of marine traffic was caused by people with little training or experience.
Scientists blame the environmental factors, as well as the geological activity, for the majority of the phenomena. The environment in the Bermuda Triangle is known for producing rogue waves that can reach up to one hundred feet high and could destroy any ship. NOAA goes on to say that there is an eruption of methane gas from the sediment in the ocean floor, and it disrupts the geomagnetic flux lines (Saplakoglu). Scientists hypothesize the crevices below the water were created by these gas explosions after the gas builds up. There is data of an event happening off of the coast of Norway, in which the methane explosions have created huge, under water craters. Based on the evidence, the Bermuda Triangle mimics the Norwegian evidence.
This disruption would account for the faulty readings over time and other issues with electronic devices. Also, most storms and hurricanes pass through this area, laying claim to numerous wrecks and missing people. Combine all of that with the Gulf Stream, and one finds there is a ton of potential energy waiting to be released. The Gulf Steam causes sporadic and violent changes to the atmosphere, which affects the weather. Methane gas evaporates into the atmosphere, fueling unstable air to help strengthen the tropical storms and hurricanes. Dr. Simon Boxall has explained how the rogue waves are known to be one reason. They occur in the region of Bermuda, and they are more common on the Cape of Good Hope, which is off South Africa’s tip.
These rogue waves can come and go quickly and at random. This research has been presented as a part of the Bermuda Enigma,vwhich is a documentary series of channel 5.
Shallow spots cover the area, as there are hundreds of sandbars and islands in the Caribbean and Bahamas. These spots have caused many ships to wreck and become stuck on the piece of land, giving way to tales of ships that have been abandoned with no crew. In nineteen fifty five, a yatch was found, without one living soul on board or nearby. (Science Kids).
The floor of the sea is also unusual in this area, as the topography slopes down into deep crevices, many og which are the final resting place for hundreds of ships and men. Over the course of five hundred years, more than one thousand vessels have been lost in this vicinity, and will never be reached because of the depths of the craters underwater. Another interesting theory is the location of a sea within the triangle, this sea is called the Sargasso Sea and it is surrounded by currents on every side. The properties relevant to this body of water is thought to have trapped many ships and led them to their demise.
To conclude, numerous, scientifically proven theories have officially debunked the mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle. Weather, sandbars, magnetic energy, geothermal activity and rogue waves are some of the solid reasons why this area has gained so much attention since the days of Columbus. People look for an explanation where they cannot find one, and like our ancient ancestors, we turn to myth or the supernatural to explain what we could not understand at the time. It is in human nature to wonder and to gain knowledge we do not yet have, so it is no surprise the works of a few men could change the course of a small region of the Atlantic for all eternity.
There is not a strange force at work here, and there are no alien bases under the sea. There are only logical explanations and clear reasoning for the answers one seeks. It is disheartening to know that one of the Earth's greatest mysteries has been solved, however, still fun to think about all the information lost to the deep in one of the creepiest places known to exist.
Saplakoglu, Yasemin. “The Bermuda Triangle: A Breeding Ground for Rogue Waves or a Pit of Human Mistakes?” LiveScience, Purch, 2 Aug. 2018, www.livescience.com/63242-bermuda-triangle-rogue-waves.html. Accessed 12 April. 2019.
Bracken, Haley. “What is known (and not known) about the Bermuda Triangle”, Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/story/what-is-known-and-not-known-about-the-bermuda-triangle . Accessed 12 April. 2019.
Rogers, James. “Bermuda Triangle is no mystery, ocean scientist explains”, Fox News. https://www.foxnews.com/science/bermuda-triangle-is-no-mystery-ocean-scientist-explains . Accessed 12 April. 2019.
Painter, Sally. “Causes for the Bermuda Triangle”, Love to Know. https://paranormal.lovetoknow.com/Causes_for_the_Bermuda_Triangle . Accessed 12 April. 2019.